Intelligence Law Glossary - Reserve Components


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Reserve Components

Statutory Law

10 U.S.C. § 101(c) (2010) (Title 10—Chapter 1: Definitions)

 (c) Reserve components.  The following definitions relating to the reserve components apply in this title:
   (1) The term "National Guard" means the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard.
   (2) The term "Army National Guard" means that part of the organized militia of the several States and Territories, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, active and inactive, that—
      (A) is a land force;
      (B) is trained, and has its officers appointed, under the sixteenth clause of section 8, article I, of the Constitution;
      (C) is organized, armed, and equipped wholly or partly at Federal expense; and
      (D) is federally recognized.
   (3) The term "Army National Guard of the United States" means the reserve component of the Army all of whose members are members of the Army National Guard.
   (4) The term "Air National Guard" means that part of the organized militia of the several States and Territories, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, active and inactive, that—
      (A) is an air force;
      (B) is trained, and has its officers appointed, under the sixteenth clause of section 8, article I, of the Constitution;
      (C) is organized, armed, and equipped wholly or partly at Federal expense; and
      (D) is federally recognized.
   (5) The term "Air National Guard of the United States" means the reserve component of the Air Force all of whose members are members of the Air National Guard.
   (6) The term "reserve", with respect to an enlistment, appointment, grade, or office, means enlistment, appointment, grade, or office held as a Reserve of one of the armed forces.
   (7) The term "reserve active-status list" means a single list for the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps (required to be maintained under section 14002 of this title [10 U.S.C. § 14002]) that contains the names of all officers of that armed force except warrant officers (including commissioned warrant officers) who are in an active status in a reserve component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps and are not on an active-duty list.