Intelligence Law Glossary - Enemy


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Enemy

Statutory Law

50 U.S.C. Appx § 2 (2010) (Title 50—Appendix: Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917)

The word "enemy," as used herein, shall be deemed to mean, for the purposes of such trading and of this Act—
   (a) Any individual, partnership, or other body of individuals, of any nationality, resident within the territory (including that occupied by the military and naval forces) of any nation with which the United States is at war, or resident outside the United States and doing business within such territory, and any corporation incorporated within such territory of any nation with which the United States is at war or incorporated within any country other than the United States and doing business within such territory.
   (b) The government of any nation with which the United States is at war, or any political or municipal subdivision thereof, or any officer, official, agent, or agency thereof.
   (c) Such other individuals, or body or class of individuals, as may be natives, citizens, or subjects of any nation with which the United States is at war, other than citizens of the United States, wherever resident or wherever doing business, as the President, if he shall find the safety of the United States or the successful prosecution of the war shall so require, may, by proclamation, include with the term "enemy."