U.S. Constitution - Amendments - Intelligence Law Library


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Amendments

*Selected Amendments Relevant to U.S. Intelligence Law

The First Amendment

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

The Fourth Amendment

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

The Fifth Amendment

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

The Sixth Amendment

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

The Eighth Amendment

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

The Fourteenth Amendment

Section 1

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Section 3

No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

Section 4

The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section 5

The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

 

 


Secondary Analysis

CRS Analysis of Constitutional Provisions Relevant to U.S. Intelligence Law

 

The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation

  • 1st Amendment (pdf)
  • 4th Amendment (pdf)
  • 5th Amendment (pdf)
  • 6th Amendment (pdf)
  • 8th Amendment (pdf)
  • 14th Amendment (pdf)

 

 


CRS Analysis of all Provisions of the U.S. Constitution

*All Sections

  • Preamble (pdf)
  • Article I (pdf)
  • Article II (pdf)
  • Article III (pdf)
  • Article IV (pdf)
  • Article V (pdf)
  • Article VI (pdf)
  • Article VII (pdf)
  • 1st Amendment (pdf)
  • 2nd Amendment (pdf)
  • 3rd Amendment (pdf)
  • 4th Amendment (pdf)
  • 5th Amendment (pdf)
  • 6th Amendment (pdf)
  • 7th Amendment (pdf)
  • 8th Amendment (pdf)
  • 9th Amendment (pdf)
  • 10th Amendment (pdf)
  • 11th Amendment (pdf)
  • 12th Amendment (pdf)
  • 13th Amendment (pdf)
  • 14th Amendment (pdf)
  • 15th Amendment (pdf)
  • 16th Amendment (pdf)
  • 17th Amendment (pdf)
  • 18th Amendment (pdf)
  • 19th Amendment (pdf)
  • 20th Amendment (pdf)
  • 21st Amendment (pdf)
  • 22nd Amendment (pdf)
  • 23rd Amendment (pdf)
  • 24th Amendment (pdf)
  • 25th Amendment (pdf)
  • 26th Amendment (pdf)
  • 27th Amendment (pdf)